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Electromagnetic Field Exposure from Pervasive Computing

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With the number of electromagnetic field sources in human environments increasing, it appears appropriate to discuss the future levels of radio frequency (RF) exposure. However, general quantitative assessment is impeded by a fundamental lack of current data. Nevertheless, major technological trends and innovation paths are presented and evaluated with respect to their effect on exposure levels. The most relevant wireless standards and their RF characteristics are briefly introduced. The factors influencing RF exposure are treated in a systematic fashion. A simple exposure-oriented classification of present and future RF sources is introduced to facilitate a structured discussion. The most relevant levers for limiting future exposure levels are presented and some general conclusions are drawn.
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Keywords: ICT; Pervasive Computing; electromagnetic fields; exposure; health; ubiquitous computing

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institut für Zukunftsstudien und Technologiebewertung Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Publication date: 01 October 2004

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