Integrated Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: A Case Study of Ultraviolet Radiation Effects on Amphibians, Coral, Humans, and Oceanic Primary Productivity

$60.01 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a naturally occurring stressor to most forms of life. The sole relevant source of this stressor is the sun. The Earth's stratospheric ozone layer reduces the amount of UVR that reaches the Earth's surface. The potential for continued depletion of this ozone layer and environmental changes that increase the penetrance of aquatic habitat, both due to human activities, and the subsequent increase in UVR are global environmental concerns for both humans and ecosystems. An integrated risk assessment provides efficiency in data gathering, analysis and reporting by enabling risk assessors to use the combined knowledge from many disciplines to evaluate overall risk. This report describes the steps and example information that could be used for an integrated risk assessment but is not an actual risk assessment with all its associated calculations and conclusions. It is intended to illustrate the advantages of the integrated risk assessment approach for evaluating adverse effects of a nonchemical stressor.

Keywords: amphibians; coral; humans; integrated risk assessment; oceanic primary productivity; ultraviolet radiation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/718990535

Affiliations: 1: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Gulf Ecology Division, One Sabine Island Drive, Gulf Breeze, FL 32561, USA. 2: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, NHEERL Building, MD-87, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA. 3: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Atlantic Ecology Division, 27 Tarzwell Drive, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2003

Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more