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Autonomous Salient Feature Detection through Salient Cues in an HSV Color Space for Visual Indoor Simultaneous Localization and Mapping

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Abstract:

For successful simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), perception of the environment is important. This paper proposes a scheme to autonomously detect visual features that can be used as natural landmarks for indoor SLAM. First, features are roughly selected from the camera image through entropy maps that measure the level of randomness of pixel information. Then, the saliency of each pixel is computed by measuring the level of similarity between the selected features and the given image. In the saliency map, it is possible to distinguish the salient features from the background. The robot estimates its pose by using the detected features and builds a grid map of the unknown environment by using a range sensor. The feature positions are stored in the grid map. Experimental results show that the feature detection method proposed in this paper can autonomously detect features in unknown environments reasonably well.

Keywords: MOBILE ROBOT; SALIENT FEATURES; SIFT; SLAM; VISUAL ATTENTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/016918610X512613

Affiliations: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea University, 5-ga, Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713, South Korea

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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