Ladder Climbing Method for the Limb Mechanism Robot ASTERISK
Abstract:A ladder climbing method for the limb mechanism robot ASTERISK is proposed. This robot has six legs. The upper three legs hold on to the upper rung from both sides alternately, just like pinching it. The lower three legs hold on to the lower rung in the same way. Hence, the robot can take hold of the ladder stably. First, the robot releases the left upper and lower legs from the current rungs, and hangs them on the next rungs while supporting itself with the other four legs. Then, the mid two legs and the right two legs are moved to the next rungs in sequence. Finally, the robot lifts up its body using the six legs. Depending on the relative pose of the robot to the ladder, the robot automatically selects the legs that can support vertical and/or horizontal forces applied by the rungs. The robot then distributes its weight to the legs supporting the vertical force based on their force margins. The legs that cannot support forces are controlled to always touch the rungs slightly in order to pinch the rungs with the other legs. The advantages of the proposed gait and control method are verified by analysis of the leg workspace for generating the ladder climb gait, analysis of the range of force direction that the legs can support, analysis of the joint torques required for ladder climbing and an experiment on force distribution. Finally, the range of ladder pitch variation that ASTERISK can climb is clarified.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Bio-System Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, 4-3-16 Jonan, Yonezawa, Yamagata 992-8510, Japan 2: Toyoya Motor Corp., 1 Toyota-Cho, Toyota, Aichi 471-8571, Japan 3: Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan
Publication date: July 1, 2010