A decentralized approach for the conflict-free motion of multiple mobile robots
Authors: Azarm, Kianoush; Schmidt, GÜNTHER
Source: Advanced Robotics, Volume 11, Number 4, 1996 , pp. 323-340(18)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
Abstract:This article presents a novel approach to decentralized motion planning and conflict-resolution for multiple mobile robots. The proposed multi-robot motion planning is an on-line operation, based on cost wave propagation within a discretized configuration space-time. By use of the planning method, a framework for negotiation is developed, which permits quick decentralized and parallel decision making. The key objective of the negotiation procedure is dynamic assignment of robot motion priorities. Thus, robots involved in a local conflict situation cooperate in planning and execution of the lowest cost motion paths without application of any centralized components. The features required for individual and cooperative motion are embedded in a hybrid control architecture. Results obtained from realistic simulation of a multi-robot environment and also from experiments performed with two mobile robots demonstrate the flexibility and the efficiency of the proposed method.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1996-01-01