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An algorithmic approach to coordinate transformation for robotic manipulators

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Coordinate transformation is one of the most important issues in robotic manipulator control. Robot tasks are naturally specified in work space coordinates, usually a Cartesian frame, while control actions are developed on joint coordinates. Effective inverse kinematic solutions are analytical in nature; they exist only for special manipulator geometries and geometric intuition is usually required. Computational inverse kinematic algorithms have recently been proposed; they are based on general closed-loop schemes which perform the mapping of the desired Cartesian trajectory into the corresponding joint trajectory. The aim of this paper is to propose an effective computational scheme to the inverse kinematic problem for manipulators with spherical wrists. First an insight into the formulation of kinematics is given in order to detail the general scheme for this specific class of manipulators. Algorithm convergence is then ensured by means of the Lyapunov direct method. The resulting algorithm is based on the hand position and orientation vectors usually adopted to describe motion in the task space. The analysis of the computational burden is performed by taking the Stanford arm as a reference. Finally a case study is developed via numerical simulations.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Università di Napoli, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli, Italy

Publication date: January 1, 1987


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