Skip to main content

Sexual dimorphism in two pure cichlid species, Oreochromis niloticus niloticus (Linnaeus 1758) and Sarotherodon melanotheron melanotheron Rüppel 1852, and their intergeneric hybrids

Buy Article:

$55.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Growth performances and sexual growth dimorphism were compared in two pure species of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus niloticus (OO) and Sarotherodon melanotheron melanotheron (SS), and their reciprocal intergeneric hybrids (male O. n. niloticus × female S. m. melanotheron [OS] and male S. m. melanotheron × female O. n. niloticus [SO]). Fish obtained from artificial reproduction were reared on artificial diets over 10 weeks at 25 ± 2 °C, under light regimes of 12 h light:12 h darkness. Growth was measured on a weekly basis. Social interactions were recorded with a video camera. Pure O. n. niloticus achieved the fastest growth rates (Mean Specific Growth Rate (SGR) of 2.7 ± 0.6% d–1 for males and 2.3 ± 0.4% d–1 for female) and S. m. melanotheron the slowest (1.3 ± 0.3% d–1 for males and 1.4 ± 0.3% d–1 for females). The SGR of the intergeneric hybrids fell between that of the two pure strains. OS females grew faster (1.7 ± 0.4% d–1) than SO females (1.3 ± 0.2% d–1), whereas no difference was observed between males. Aggressive behaviour emerged first among faster-growing fish (O. niloticus and SO). The role of parental components in behavioural and physiological traits of tilapia is discussed.

Keywords: 11-KETOTESTOSTERONE; SEXUAL GROWTH DIMORPHISM; SOCIAL INTERACTIONS; THYROID HORMONES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2989/AJAS.2009.34.1.7.732

Publication date: 2009-05-01

More about this publication?
  • Co-Published by NISC and Taylor & Francis - Subscriber access available here
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more