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Open Access Weather and Climate Variability Since Prehistoric Times and Recent Indications of Continuing Fluctuations in the N.E. Atlantic

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Weather and climate are in a constant state of variation. The time-scales over which these variations take place range from minutes to millennia and even longer. Human experience of these variations spans only a very short period of time. As a consequence, a change which is actually part of a long-period variation about the mean can easily be mistaken for a trend in the mean itself. In recent decades significant variations in the wave climate of the N.E. Atlantic Ocean have been identified. It is important to try to identify whether these changes are a variation about a steady mean or whether they are indicative of a shift in the mean itself. An examination of the varying climate of storm systems in the N.E. Atlantic helps to provide an understanding of why the wave climate appears to have changed.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 1997

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