Free Content New electrochromic materials

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Abstract:

A number of inorganic and organic materials exhibit redox states (reduced and/or oxidised forms) with distinct UV-Visible (electronic) absorption bands. When electrochemical switching of these redox states gives rise to different colours (i.e. new or different visible region bands), the material is described as being electrochromic. By virtue of their numerous applications, both of academic and commercial interest, electrochromic materials are currently attracting a great deal of interest. This review provides an introduction to the major classes of electrochromic materials, namely transition metal oxides, Prussian blue systems, viologens, conducting polymers, transition metal and lanthanide coordination complexes and metallopolymers, and metal phthalocyanines. Examples of some new materials and of prototype and commercial electrochromic devices are cited.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3184/003685002783238816

Affiliations: Science Review, PO Box 314, St. Albans, Herts AL1 4ZG, UK

Publication date: August 15, 2002

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  • SCIENCE PROGRESS has for over 100 years been a highly regarded review publication in science, technology and medicine. Its objective is to excite the readers' interest in areas with which they may not be fully familiar but which could facilitate their interest, or even activity, in a cognate field. Science Progress commissions world authorities to contribute articles on the most interesting, important and meaningful topics - ranging from cosmology to the environment - and ensures that they are presented for the most effective use of those in both academia and industry.

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