If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

The histological characteristics and localisation of ACP and ANAE positive lymphocytes in the oesophageal tonsil of the duck (Anas platyrhynchos)

$33.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


This study was carried out to examine histological and enzyme histochemical characteristics of the oesophageal tonsil in ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). Tissue samples were collected from distal parts of the mucosal folds at the oesophageal y proventricular junction. We applied alpha naphthyl acetate esterase and acid phosphatase to tissue sections for localisation of T or B lymphocytes. Trichrome staining, silver impregnation, methyl green-pyronin staining and PAS reaction were used for determination of light microscopic structure of the oesophageal tonsils. The oesophageal tonsils were located at the junction of the oesophagus and proventriculus. Interestingly, we detected the existence of high endothelial venules in the interfollicular area and of the accumulated positive cells in lymphoid nodules. It can be said that these tonsils have functions similar to the Harderian gland in avian species and Waldeyer's ring in mammalian species.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3184/175815512X13264771062961

Publication date: February 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Avian Biology Research, formerly Avian & Poultry Biology Reviews, has adopted a new and exciting vision for publication of ornithological research in the 21st Century.

    This vision is based on two main concepts. First, the topics published by the journal will cover all aspects of ornithology. This will provide a forum for scientists to publish their work in a journal that will have a broad appeal. Second, the scope of the journal will expand to include reports of original research, letters, perspectives, news, diary and book reviews in addition to reviews. By considering a wide range of research fields for publication, Avian Biology Research provides a forum for people working in every field of ornithology.

    Editor-in-Chief: Charles Deeming Editors: Mary Ann Ottinger; Tom Pike; Anna Wilkinson; Dale Sandercock

  • Editorial Board
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more