Four Questions about Ethiopia's Ethnic Federalism
Following the violent overthrow of Mengistu Haile Mariam's government (usually known as the 'Derg'), in 1991, a transformation has taken place in the political structure of Ethiopia that has been both radical and pioneering. It has been radical because it has introduced the principle of self-determination for federated regional units in a formerly highly centralised and unitary state. It has been pioneering because Ethiopia has gone further than any other African state, and probably further than any state worldwide, in using ethnicity as its fundamental organising principle. The new system was formally set in place in 1995 with the promulgation of Ethiopia's fourth constitution since 1931, in which the country was re-designated the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE). ...
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-11-01
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