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Four Questions about Ethiopia's Ethnic Federalism

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Abstract:

Following the violent overthrow of Mengistu Haile Mariam's government (usually known as the 'Derg'), in 1991, a transformation has taken place in the political structure of Ethiopia that has been both radical and pioneering. It has been radical because it has introduced the principle of self-determination for federated regional units in a formerly highly centralised and unitary state. It has been pioneering because Ethiopia has gone further than any other African state, and probably further than any state worldwide, in using ethnicity as its fundamental organising principle. The new system was formally set in place in 1995 with the promulgation of Ethiopia's fourth constitution since 1931, in which the country was re-designated the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE). ...

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2005

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  • The St Antony's International Review (STAIR) is the only peer-reviewed journal of international affairs at the University of Oxford. Set up by graduate students of St Antony's College in 2005, the Review has carved out a distinctive niche as a cross-disciplinary outlet for research on the most pressing contemporary global issues, providing a forum in which emerging scholars can publish their work alongside established academics and policymakers. Past contributors include Robert O. Keohane, James N. Rosenau, and Alfred Stepan.
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