The Future of Transitional Justice
Abstract:The tenth anniversary of the 1994 Rwandan genocide—in which approximately one million Tutsi and moderate Hutu were massacred in about one hundred days—provides an appropriate opportunity to consider the future of 'transitional justice.' Transitional justice involves states and societies shifting from a situation of conflict to one of peace and, in the process, using judicial and/or non-judicial mechanisms to address past human rights violations. The number and diversity of transitional justice options have never been greater than they are today. In addition, the tense and shifting international landscape, especially since 9/11 and the subsequent United States (US)-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, has both promoted and impaired international cooperation on these important issues. Recent efforts to bring to justice Osama bin Laden, Saddam Hussein, Slobodan Miloševic, Radovan Karadžic, Ratko Mladic, Charles Taylor, Théoneste Bagasora, Augusto Pinochet, Hissène Habré, Luis Echeverría, and other suspected perpetrators of atrocities in the Balkans, Rwanda, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Burundi, Chad, Chile, East Timor, Cambodia, Iraq, Mexico, and the US demonstrate how relevant and crucial issues of transitional justice are today and, unfortunately, will be for the foreseeable future. ...
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2005
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