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Exposure to Parental Violence and Outcomes of Child Psychosocial Adjustment

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Abstract:

Prior research suggests that exposure to violence at home increases the likelihood of mental health problems in children. Studies have also shown that children exposed to violence are more prone to delinquent behavior and regular alcohol use. This study examines the effects of witnessing and experiencing physical violence at home on the psychosocial adjustment of children. Children who both witnessed and personally experienced physical violence exhibited the highest levels of adjustment problems. However, having either one of these risk factors was also associated with negative outcomes. The data are based on the Finnish Child Victim Survey 2008 with a sample of 13,459 students aged 12–13 years and 15–16 years.

Keywords: PSYCHOSOCIAL ADJUSTMENT; VICTIM SURVEY; VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN; WITNESSING VIOLENCE AT HOME

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.28.1.3

Publication date: February 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Violence and Victims discusses theory, research, policy, and clinical practice in the area of interpersonal violence and victimization across such disciplines as psychology, sociology, criminology, law, medicine, nursing, psychiatry, and social work.

    The journal's 2012 Impact Factor is 0.981.
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