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Cumulative Victimization, Psychological Distress, and High-Risk Behavior Among Substance-Involved Women

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Abstract:

This research addressed two questions: (a) What is the relationship between different patterns of cumulative victimization and psychological distress? And (b) How does the pattern of cumulative victimization and psychological distress influence women's engagement in substance- and sex-related risk behavior? Data were analyzed from interviews with 149 sexually active, crack-using women who completed a follow-up interview after participating in the Kentucky National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) AIDS Cooperative Agreement. Findings from the multivariate analyses indicated that victimization accounted for 5% and 39% of the variance in psychological distress and high-risk behavior, respectively; cumulative victimization and psychological distress accounted for 6% to 11% of the variance in the high-risk behaviors. Results highlight the affects of childhood and adult victimization on psychological distress and the associations between different types of psychological distress and risk behavior.

Keywords: CUMULATIVE VICTIMIZATION; HIGH-RISK BEHAVIOR; PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS; SUBSTANCE USE; WOMEN

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.26.4.477

Publication date: August 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Violence and Victims discusses theory, research, policy, and clinical practice in the area of interpersonal violence and victimization across such disciplines as psychology, sociology, criminology, law, medicine, nursing, psychiatry, and social work.

    The journal's 2014 Impact Factor is 0.858.
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