Substance Use During Sexual and Physical Assault in HIV-Infected Persons
Authors: Chuang, Cynthia H.; Liebschutz, Jane M.; Cheng, Debbie M.; Raj, Anita; Samet, Jeffrey H.
Source: Violence and Victims, Volume 22, Number 2, 2007 , pp. 216-225(10)
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Abstract:Data from the HIV-Alcohol Longitudinal Cohort was used to determine the prevalence of substance use by victims and assailants during physical and sexual assault against HIV-infected persons and whether these findings differed by gender. Of the sexually assaulted participants, 31% of victims and 70% of assailant(s) had used drugs/alcohol during sexual assault. Compared with men, women had higher odds of substance use during sexual assault (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 3.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6 to 8.7) and of substance use by their assailant(s) during sexual assault (adjusted OR 5.9, 95% CI 1.7 to 20.6) in adjusted analysis. Of the physically assaulted participants, 66% of victims and 85% of assailants used drugs/alcohol during physical assault; these results did not differ by gender.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2007
- Violence and Victims discusses theory, research, policy, and clinical practice in the area of interpersonal violence and victimization across such disciplines as psychology, sociology, criminology, law, medicine, nursing, psychiatry, and social work.
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