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Exploring the Group Prenatal Care Model: A Critical Review of the Literature

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Abstract:

Few studies have compared perinatal outcomes between individual prenatal care and group prenatal care. A critical review of research articles that were published between 1998 and 2009 and involved participants of individual and group prenatal care was conducted. Two middle range theories, Pender’s health promotion model and Swanson’s theory of caring, were blended to enhance conceptualization of the relationship between pregnant women and the group prenatal care model. Among the 17 research studies that met inclusion criteria for this critical review, five examined gestational age and birth weight with researchers reporting longer gestations and higher birth weights in infants born to mothers participating in group prenatal care, especially in the preterm birth population. Current evidence demonstrates that nurse educators and leaders should promote group prenatal care as a potential method of improving perinatal outcomes within the pregnant population.

Keywords: CenteringPregnancy; childbirth education; group prenatal care; individual prenatal care; prenatal education; traditional prenatal care

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/1058-1243.21.4.209

Affiliations: Duluth Family Medicine Clinic and Duluth Family Medicine Residency Program, Duluth, Minnesota, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2012

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