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Construct Validity of the Childbirth Trauma Index for Adolescents

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Abstract:

ABSTRACT

The potentially traumatic nature of childbirth for adult mothers has been confirmed in research; however, adolescent childbirth trauma is unexplored. This article presents research on the construct validity of the Childbirth Trauma Index by providing a conceptual analysis of psychological childbirth trauma, factor validity of the Childbirth Trauma Index, and discussion of testing the Childbirth Trauma Index via contrasted-groups approach. Childbirth trauma can result in an acute stress reaction or actual posttraumatic stress disorder. Using subjective reports, the Impact of Event Scale, and the Childbirth Trauma Index, an appraisal of birth trauma, trauma impact, and indicators associated with childbirth trauma were revealed among 112 adolescents. Clinical implications and research recommendations are offered.

Keywords: adolescent childbirth; childbirth satisfaction; psychological birth trauma; traumatic childbirth

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/1058-1243.20.2.78

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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springer/jpe/2011/00000020/00000002/art00004
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