Skip to main content

Japanese Translation and Cultural Adaptation of the Listening to Mothers II Questionnaire

Buy Article:

$32.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



The questionnaire used for the U.S. Listening to Mothers II survey was translated and culturally adapted to measure Japanese women’s experience during the period of pregnancy planning through early postpartum. Methods included expert panels and two phases of cognitive interviews with 20 postpartum Japanese adult women. The number of problems with the translated questionnaire effectively decreased in the iterative process. Most problems were found in the question‐interpretation stage of cognitive processing, such as wording/tone. Culture-specific concepts and unclear items were adapted to prevent erroneous interpretations in future studies. The future use of this questionnaire to generate data sets will be useful for professionals interested in developing evidence-based practices. The knowledge from this study can be helpful in improving health-care services and education for women with diverse languages and cultural backgrounds.

Keywords: Japanese women; Listening to Mothers II survey; childbirth; pregnancy; survey translation

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2011

More about this publication?

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more