Maternal Calcium Intake and Metabolism During Pregnancy and Lactation

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Calcium is an essential nutrient during pregnancy and lactation. Calcium contributes to bone development in the fetus and neonate and is considered a critical nutrient. Physiological changes in calcium metabolism occur during pregnancy and lactation. Some women may lose some of their bone density during pregnancy and/or lactation, and then regain it after the cessation of lactation. Implications for childbirth educators include content regarding the topic of calcium in their classes.

Keywords: calcium needs; lactation; pregnancy

Document Type: Miscellaneous


Affiliations: 1: JULIE HERINGHAUSEN is a BSN student in the School of Nursing at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. This paper was submitted as part of the requirements for her senior honors thesis. 2: KRISTEN MONTGOMERY is an assistant professor in the College of Nursing at the University of South Carolina in Columbia, South Carolina.

Publication date: December 1, 2005

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