Skip to main content

Smoking Hygiene: An Educational Intervention to Reduce Respiratory Symptoms in Breastfeeding Infants Exposed to Tobacco

Buy Article:

$32.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

The American Academy of Pediatrics recently removed nicotine from the category of drugs contraindicated during breastfeeding. Little evidence demonstrates that infants exposed to nicotine through breastfeeding experience increased health risks beyond the airborne risks associated with passive smoking. The purpose of this longitudinal, five-week, quasi-experimental pilot study was to determine whether “smoking hygiene,” an educational intervention, reduces the frequency of respiratory symptoms experienced by infants whose mothers both smoke and breastfeed. Twenty-nine mother-infant pairs entered the study with 28% dropping out. Of the 21 mother-infant pairs who completed the study, 66% of the nine infants in the control group experienced respiratory illness, compared to 42% of the 12 infants in the intervention group (x2 = .814; p \mt .05). Thus, the difference was statistically nonsignificant in this small sample, but the trend worsened the anticipated direction. The study demonstrates some of the difficulties of intervening with this group of mothers.

Keywords: breastfeeding; environmental tobacco smoke; infant; upper respiratory infection

Document Type: Standard Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1624/105812402X88812

Affiliations: 1: KERI PULLEY is a family nurse practitioner who practices at Sun Valley Medical Center in Cheyenne, Wyoming. 2: MARY BETH FLANDERS-STEPANS is an associate professor in the School of Nursing at the University of Wyoming in Laramie.

Publication date: 2002-07-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more