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Childbirth Education Outcomes: An Integrative Review of the Literature

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The purpose of this literature review was to identify and describe recent empirical studies of childbirth education outcomes and to identify areas for further study. The search produced 63 studies; only 12 met the inclusion criteria. The literature demonstrated inconclusive evidence regarding the effectiveness of childbirth education. None of the studies used a theoretical framework that proposed multiple factors, as opposed to childbirth education alone, that impact the outcomes. Health-focused versus illness-focused outcomes were also addressed.

Keywords: childbirth education; evaluation; outcomes; quality of care

Document Type: Standard Article


Affiliations: MARY KOEHN is a doctoral candidate at the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City, Kansas. She is also an assistant professor at Wichita State University in Wichita, Kansas.

Publication date: July 1, 2002

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