Neonatal Glucose Homeostasis
NEWBORNS ARE NURTURED in a uterine environment that provides and regulates their glucose supply. Once the umbilical cord is clamped and the maternal glucose supply is terminated, the neonate must begin glucose regulation. This regulation involves complex metabolic and hormonal pathways that may not be mature immediately after birth. A variety of factors influences maturation of these pathways, including developmental immaturity, gestational age, maternal influence, delivery history, and any existing disease processes.1 Management of glucose homeostasis is further complicated because a "normal" range for neonatal blood glucose values has not been clearly defined.2–6 The practitioner must be astute at identifying neonates at risk for glucose problems and intervene quickly because prolonged glucose imbalance can cause serious neonatal complications.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2008
- Neonatal Network®, established in April 1981, is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to assisting neonatal nurses and related health care professionals remain current in their fields. Neonatal Network® acts as a vehicle for the exchange of information by providing up-to-date, relevant articles in the areas of evidence-based clinical practice, research, and education.
Neonatal Network® is issued six times a year; January/February, March/April, May/June, July/August, September/October, and November/December. With a circulation of 10,000, Neonatal Network® goes to more than 1,000 recognized Level II and Level III neonatal intensive care units in the United States.
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