Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders

Authors: Witkiewitz, Katie; Marlatt, G. Alan; Walker, Denise

Source: Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Volume 19, Number 3, 2005 , pp. 211-228(18)

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

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Abstract:

Cognitive-behavioral approaches to alcohol and drug use disorders have received considerable empirical support over the past 20 years. One cognitive-behavioral treatment, relapse prevention, was initially designed as an adjunct to existing treatments. It has also been extensively used as a stand-alone treatment and serves as the basis for several other cognitive and behavioral treatments. After a brief review of relapse prevention, as well as the hypothesized mechanisms of change in cognitive and behavioral treatments, we will describe a "new" approach to alcohol and drug problems called mindfulness-based relapse prevention. Preliminary data in support of mindfulness-meditation as a treatment for addictive behavior are provided and directions for future research are discussed.

Keywords: MEDITATION; MINDFULNESS; RELAPSE PREVENTION; SUBSTANCE ABUSE; SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/jcop.2005.19.3.211

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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  • Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy is devoted to the advancement of the clinical practice of cognitive psychotherapy. This scholarly journal seeks to merge theory, research, and practice and to develop new techniques by an examination of the clinical implications of theoretical development and research findings.
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