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The Effectiveness of Childbirth Classes for Increasing Self-Efficacy in Women and Support Persons

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Abstract:

PURPOSE: Determine the effectiveness of childbirth classes for increasing self-efficacy on expectant women and support persons.

MATERIALS & METHODS: This quasi-experimental study used an 18-question self-efficacy instrument to survey 115 expectant women and 103 support persons prior to and immediately following childbirth classes.

RESULTS: Childbirth classes significantly increased self-efficacy scores of both the women (t [82] = - 11.059, p < 0.000) and the support person (t [77] = 11.673, p < 0.000). Support persons had significantly higher self-efficacy scores after the childbirth class than the women (t [175] = - 2.55, p = 0.012). Type of class attended did not significantly affect self-efficacy. Dealing with labor without pain medication continued to be an area of low self-efficacy for women following childbirth classes. Evaluation of childbirth classes will help educators refine content and methods for delivery of childbirth education. Ultimately, improved patient education will result in greater patient satisfaction and optimal birth outcomes.

Keywords: BIRTH PREPARATION; CHILDBIRTH PREPARATION; PARENTING PREPARATION; PRENATAL CARE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/2156-5287.2.2.107

Publication date: June 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Childbirth is a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal publishing original research, reviews, and case studies concerned with the practice of midwifery, women's health, prenatal care, and the birth process. The journal encourages the exploration of the complex and contextual issues surrounding childbirth provision and outcomes and invites manuscripts from a wide range of clinical, theoretical, political, methodological, psychological, public health, policy, and multicultural and interdisciplinary perspectives.
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springer/ijc/2012/00000002/00000002/art00005
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