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Inelastic Shell Instability of Geometrically Imperfect Aluminum Alloy Circular Cylinders under Uniform External Pressure

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Abstract:

The paper presents new experimental results on the collapse of unstiffened aluminum alloy circular cylinders suffering elastic and plastic nonsymmetric bifurcation buckling under external hydrostatic pressure. These results complement the results given in two previous Marine Technology papers written by the senior author, which were intended for the structural design of near-perfect unstiffened and ring-stiffened circular conical shells under external hydrostatic pressure. The present paper presents a structural design chart for geometrically imperfect circular cylinders under uniform external pressure, which is more likely to be used than the design charts for the previous near-perfect vessels because it represents the more "usual" case. In addition to an experimental analysis, theoretical analyses were also carried out. An analytical solution by von Mises was used, together with a finite element analysis solution, using the Shell 93 element of the ANSYS computer package. Comparison between ANSYS and the analytical solution was reasonable. A design chart is provided, which looks like it could be quite useful for practical purposes.

Keywords: CYLINDERS; DESIGN CHART; EXTERNAL PRESSURE; FINITE ELEMENTS; PLASTIC BUCKLING; PRESSURE HULLS; SUBMARINES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-07-01

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  • Marine Technology is dedicated to James Kennedy, 1867-1936, marine engineer, and longtime member of the Society, in recognition and appreciation of his sincere and generous interest in furthering the art of ship design, shipbuilding, ship operation, and related activities.

    The Technical papers in this quarterly flagship journal cover a broad spectrum of research on the latest technological breakthroughs, trends, concepts, and discoveries in the marine industry. SNAME News is packed with Society news and information on national, section, and local levels as well as updates on committee activities, meetings, seminars, professional conferences, and employment opportunities.

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