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Experimental and Numerical Study on the Collapse Strength of the Bulbous Bow Structure in Oblique Collision

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Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the collapse strength and the mechanism of the bulbous bow structure in case of an oblique collision. In this study, quasi-static experiments were conducted using two types of large-scale bulbous bow models using the scenario that a ship collides with another ship at oblique angle. One of the models is a prototype buffer bow adopting a transverse stiffening system, and the other model is a standard bow adopting a longitudinal stiffening system. Each model was collapsed by a thrusting rigid board while being subject to the combined action of compressive force and bending moment. Collapse mechanism, load-displacement curve, and energy absorption capability of the buffer bow structure were investigated as compared with those of standard bow structure. Nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) corresponding to the experiments was also conducted, and fairly good agreement was achieved between FEA and the experiments. It is also found from these investigations that the buffer bow structure is expected to be efficient in reducing the risk of an oil spill, especially in case of oblique collision.

Keywords: BUCKLING; BULBOUS BOW; COLLISIONS; DESIGN (GENERAL); DOUBLE HULL; MODEL TESTING; POLLUTION; TANKER

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-01-01

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