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Ship Hull and Machinery Optimization Using Physics-Based Design Software

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Ship design software is applied to the study of improving the design of an existing cruiser. The focus of this paper is on exploring machinery configuration options that could significantly reduce the overall fuel consumption and, consequently, reduce the total weight and operating cost of the ship. The prime movers, most likely gas turbines, of the majority of the naval ships today are usually designed for maximum speed, which is much higher than the ship's cruwise speed. In the case of the CG47, the shaft power required at cruise speed is only 16% of that at maximum speed. Consequently, the specific fuel consumption is 64% higher at cruise speed because the gas turbines are delivering only a fraction of their rated power. In this paper, auxiliary engines are introduced and their overall impact on ship design are studied. Four different machinery configurations, namely, CODOG, CODAG, COGOG and COGAG, are examined. Results show that as much as 34% fuel savings could be achieved and the overall reduction in total ship weight could be as high as 9%.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2002

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  • Marine Technology is dedicated to James Kennedy, 1867-1936, marine engineer, and longtime member of the Society, in recognition and appreciation of his sincere and generous interest in furthering the art of ship design, shipbuilding, ship operation, and related activities.

    The Technical papers in this quarterly flagship journal cover a broad spectrum of research on the latest technological breakthroughs, trends, concepts, and discoveries in the marine industry. SNAME News is packed with Society news and information on national, section, and local levels as well as updates on committee activities, meetings, seminars, professional conferences, and employment opportunities.

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