Influence of water content on structure and kinetics of structural relaxation of sodium borate glasses
Authors: Golubkov, V.; Zhilin, Alexander A.; Shashkin, Alexander V.; Shepilov, Michael P.
Source: Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B, Volume 47, Number 4, August 2006 , pp. 318-322(5)
Publisher: Society of Glass Technology
Abstract:The influence of the water content on microheterogeneous structure of sodium borate glass containing 2·5 and 5·0 mol% Na2O and on kinetics of structural relaxation of vitreous boron oxide and sodium borate glasses is examined by small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at isothermal heat treatments at various temperatures. An increase in the water content results in an increase of the size of inhomogeneous regions and in a decrease of <(Δ ϱ)2> of heterogeneous structure. Thus, water promotes aggregation of alkali borate structural elements. Kohlrausch equation describes the kinetics of SAXS by the thermal density fluctuations. In dry glasses β in Kohlrausch's equation is close to 1 and decreases to 0·5 in glasses containing 0·7–1·0 mol% H2O.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2006