Stapled Intestinal Anastomosis in Neonates: Validation of Safety and Efficacy
Abstract:The safety and effectiveness of a stapled intestinal anastomosis in adults and children is well documented. However, the role of this technique in neonates is not well validated. We report our experience with stapled intestinal anastomoses in the neonate at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. All patients from the neonatal intensive care unit who had a stapled intestinal anastomosis between February 2007 and May 2008 were identified. A stapled side-to-side functional end-to-end intestinal anastomosis was performed in all patients using a gastrointestinal anastomosis stapler. Demographic, management, and outcome data were collected via chart review. Variables collected included: birth weight, estimated gestational age at birth and surgery, weight at surgery, the use of vasopressors, associated diagnoses, location of the anastomosis, and postoperative clinic visits. A total of 18 patients were identified during the study period. Nine had small bowel to small bowel, eight had ileum to colon, and one had a colon to colon anastomosis. The average weight at time of operation was 2.8 kilograms (Kg) and the average estimated gestational age at surgery was 38.7 weeks. The only complication reported was a partial small bowel obstruction on postoperative day 12, which was successfully treated nonoperatively. Two patients died from problems not associated with the anastomosis. There were no anastomotic leaks or strictures. The literature regarding the use of stapled bowel anastomoses in neonates is scant. Stapled intestinal anastomoses can be performed safely in neonates without a high rate of complication. The long term effects of stapled intestinal anastomoses in the neonate are unknown. Future areas of interest would include effects on postoperative feeding and operative time.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Division of Pediatric Surgery, Mississippi Department of General Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA
Publication date: June 1, 2010
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