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Percutaneous versus Open Tracheostomy in the Pediatric Trauma Population

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The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of percutaneous versus open tracheostomy in the pediatric trauma population. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all tracheostomies performed on trauma patients younger than 18 years for an 8-year period. There was no difference in the incidence of brain, chest, or facial injury between the open and percutaneous tracheostomy groups. However, the open group had a significantly lower age (14.2 vs. 15.5 years; P < 0.01) and higher injury severity score (26 vs. 21; P = 0.015). Mean time from injury to tracheostomy was 9.1 days (range, 0 to 16 days) and was not different between the two methods. The majority of open tracheostomies were performed in the operating room and, of percutaneous tracheostomies, at the bedside. Concomitant feeding tube placement did not affect complication rates. There was not a significant difference between complication rates between the two methods of tracheostomy (percutaneous one of 29; open three of 20). Percutaneous tracheostomy can be safely performed in the injured older child.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Cooper University Hospital and UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Camden, New Jersey, USA

Publication date: 2010-03-01

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