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Theoretical Modeling for Hybrid Renewable Energy: An Initiative to Meet the Global Energy

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Environmental sustainability has become a crucial issue because of the damaging greenhouse gas emissions produced by the combustion of fossil fuels. These emissions result in rising sea levels, ocean acidification, depletion of the ozone layer, and the emergence of various threats to human and animal health [1]. Interestingly, the evolution of renewable energy over the past decade has surpassed all expectations; it is widely available worldwide, it emits zero greenhouse gasses, and it has a low production cost. Continued research and development are required to establish techniques for accurately predicting the output of these technologies and reliably integrating them for the production of cleaner energy. This paper provides a model for simulating hybrid energy (solar/hydro/wind) strategies within a variable renewable energy system for the advancement of clean energy technology. This model utilizes an innovative system configuration of the front-end rectifier stage for a hybrid solar/wind/photovoltaic (PV) energy system, which allows multiple sources to supply the load separately and/or simultaneously. Because this theoretical examination is based on a hybrid of solar, wind, and generalized energy-storage device (SD), the integrated model is used to generate statistical indices of solar irradiation, hydro power, and wind speed to simulate power flow. The fused multi-input rectifier stage is also optimized for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) to extract the maximum power from wind and sun. The hybrid renewable energy system (HRES) operating conditions were analysed mathematically, and the simulation results indicate that the proposed model has useful applications in HRESs. The proposed model represents cutting-edge technology in energy science because it is much less expensive than conventional energy production. Therefore, the commercial production of cleaner energy on a large scale using a hybrid system, which would greatly benefit the environment, is a realistic goal.
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Keywords: HYBRID RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS; INNOVATIVE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY; OPTIMIZATION; THEORETICAL MODELLING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2016-09-01

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