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Structural Refinement of Titanium-Aluminum-Niobium Alloy for Biomedical Applications

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In this work, a modification of the microstructure of a commercial Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy was accomplished by high-pressure torsion (HPT) at room temperature, to produce a bulk nanostructure on discs of 10 mm diameter and ∼0.8 mm thickness. The metallographic analyses of the discs were performed by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy. The results confirmed the presence of aluminum (Al) and niobium (Nb) as the sole alloying elements, promoting a duplex (α + β) titanium (Ti) microstructure prior to HPT processing. After HPT processing, nanostructure refinement was attained, reflected in the X-ray diffraction profiles as broadening of the α-Ti and β-Ti peaks and the appearance of the ω-Ti phase. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed a grain size < 100 nm after HPT processing for N = 5 revolutions. Microhardness increased significantly with straining by HPT, which can be attributed both to the grain refinement and the formation of the ω-Ti phase.
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Keywords: HIGH-PRESSURE TORSION; NANOSTRUCTURE; OMEGA (ω-TI) PHASE; SOLID-STATE TRANSFORMATION; TITANIUM-ALUMINUM-NIOBIUM

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 13 July 2017

This article was made available online on 28 March 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Structural Refinement of Titanium-Aluminum-Niobium Alloy for Biomedical Applications".

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