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Synthesis and Characterization of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (IPNs) from Acrylated Soybean Oil and α-Resorcylic Acid: Part 1. Kinetics of Network Formation

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Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) using an epoxy phase synthesized from chemically modified α-resorcylic acid, and an acrylate phase employing acrylated soybean oil are the main focus of this study. Part 1 details the epoxidation of α-resorcylic acid with epichlorohydrin in alkaline medium, as well as the study of the polymerization and network formation of the generated epoxy-acrylate interpenetrated systems. The epoxy content of the epoxidized α-resorcylic acid was measured by means of a titration using HBr in acetic acid solution, and the functionalization was studied by FTIR. From the obtained results, mainly calorimetry and gel time determination, it was clear that each phase is affected by the presence of the other, altering the rate and extent at which each individual reaction takes place; and that the two noncompeting reactions (step and free radical polymerizations) occurred at very close temperatures, with a very small gap of around 10 °C between the onsets of the reactions. This evidence leads to the conclusion that the IPNs are formed by a simultaneous process in which both of the networks are formed at approximately the same temperature.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 July 2017

This article was made available online on 16 March 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Synthesis and Characterization of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (IPNs) from Acrylated Soybean Oil and a-Resorcylic Acid: Part 1. Kinetics of Network Formation".

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased monomers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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