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Open Access Study on Residual Stresses in Unidirectional Flax Fiber/Vinyl Ester Composites by XRD Technique

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The development of flax fiber reinforced polymer composites with improved properties has been increasingly studied by many researchers because of their sustainability. However, the effects of thermal residual stresses on the interfacial properties of flax composites have not been evaluated or very well understood. In this study, the thermal properties of flax, vinyl ester matrices and their composites were accessed by different techniques, including thermomechanical analyzer, dynamic mechanical analyzer, and X-ray diffraction combined with aluminum particles. The effects of thermal properties of flax fibers and vinyl ester resin systems on the mechanical properties of their biocomposites were studied. The theory of modifying the thermal properties of flax and vinyl ester to improve the interfacial adhesion between them has been proven by the study of the thermal residual stresses in their composites.

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Keywords: BIOCOMPOSITES; INTERFACIAL PROPERTIES; RESIDUAL STRESS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2017

This article was made available online on 03 May 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Study on Residual Stresses in Unidirectional Flax Fiber/Vinyl Ester Composites by XRD Technique".

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased monomers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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