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Polyol Preparation by Liquefaction of Technical Lignins in Crude Glycerol

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Abstract:

This work reports a study of polyol synthesis through liquefaction of technical lignins in crude glycerol by means of 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy. The polyols are intended for preparation of polyurethane foam; thus, it is important to know how different lignin types as well as crude glycerol influence and contribute to the final polyol hydroxyl contents. Polyols prepared from organosolv lignin, kraft lignin and lignosulphonate had hydroxyl numbers suitable for rigid foam of 435, 515 and 529 mgKOH/g, respectively. The polyols differed in composition with glycerol, showing significant variation. During liquefaction the glycerol content was mostly reduced through bonding with lignin, and to a lesser extent monoacylglycerol and diacylglycerol formation through transesterification with fatty acid ethyl esters. It is concluded that crude glycerol can potentially replace petroleum-derived polyols as liquefaction solvent and that different types of technical lignin have a strong impact on the resulting bio-based polyol hydroxyl contents.

Keywords: 31P NMR; BIODIESEL BY-PRODUCT; LIGNIN; POLYURETHANE; PULP AND PAPER BY-PRODUCT; RENEWABLE POLYOLS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634130

Publication date: 2017-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased mono¬¨mers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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