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Improvement of Natural Fiber Composite Materials by Carbon Fibers

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Abstract:

The purpose of this work is the improvement of flax fiber-reinforced composites obtained by vacuum molding in order to encourage their insertion into industrial products. The relatively high degree of porosity in these kinds of composites, due to the lack of compatibility between epoxy matrix and flax fibers and the hydrophilicity of flax fiber, remains a major constraint to their use in the industrial world. Hence, we have used a combination of carbon fibers with those of flax in order to optimize the properties of the assembly. Several stacking sequences have been tested in order to analyze the influence of the addition of carbon fibers on the water recovery behavior and the mechanical tensile behavior according to their position inside the laminate. It has been shown that adding surface carbon plies presents a barrier effect for the water sorption by limiting the creation and the percolation of internal porosities. The same effect is observed on tensile behavior where stacking sequences with external carbon fiber plies are more resistant than stacking sequences with internal carbon plies.

Keywords: FLAX FIBER; HYBRID COMPOSITE; NATURAL FIBER; REINFORCED COMPOSITE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634123

Publication date: 2017-01-01

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased mono¬¨mers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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