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Chitin Preparation by Demineralizing Deproteinized Lobster Shells with CO2 and a Cationite

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Abstract:

The inorganic components of crustacean shells are usually removed using HCl solutions. This provokes undesirable modifications in the extracted chitin. In the present procedure, deproteinized lobster shells were demineralized with CO2 and a cationic resin (cationite). The resulting chitin (CHI-CO2) is compared in terms of degree of acetylation (DA), crystallinity index (CrI) and thermal stability with chitins obtained by demineralization procedures with HCl (CHI-HCl) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (CHI-EDTA). The ash content of chitins demineralized with CO2 was similar to that of chitins prepared using HCl or EDTA. However, the resultant DA and CrI of CHI-HCl and CHI-EDTA were lower than those of CHI-CO2. Thermal stability of CHI-CO2 was also higher, with maximum decomposition velocity at 360 °C, above those of CHIEDTA (348 °C) and CHI-HCl (332 °C). This indicates that the use of CO2 and a cationite for demineralizing lobster shells is a promising alternative to conventional HCl and EDTA treatments for obtaining chitin.

Keywords: CARBON DIOXIDE; CHITIN; DEMINERALIZATION; LOBSTER SHELLS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634121

Publication date: 2017-01-01

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased mono¬mers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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