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Renewable Additives that Improve Water Resistance of Cellulose Composite Materials

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Waste cardboard is an underutilized resource that can be redirected for the creation of safer and higher quality building materials for low-income housing in the developing world, as well as to produce better materials for indoor environments in developed-world contexts. Using a renewable biobased binder and benign additives, we have improved the water resistance of a cardboard-based composite material, overcoming one of the major barriers to scaling and adoption of this class of materials. Resistance to water uptake was significantly increased with several additives and was increased over 900-fold in the best case. Strength and water uptake over time are reported for a range of fatty acid-based additives and multiple cardboard feedstocks.
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Keywords: CELLULOSE COMPOSITE MATERIALS; GREEN CHEMISTRY; RENEWABLE BIOBASED ADDITIVES; WASTE VALORIZATION; WATER REPELLENCY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 07 January 2017

This article was made available online on 12 May 2016 as a Fast Track article with title: "Renewable Additives that Improve Water Resistance of Cellulose Composite Materials".

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