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Nanocellulose in Spun Continuous Fibers: A Review and Future Outlook

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Continuous fibers are commonly manufactured for a wide variety of uses such as filters, textiles, and composites. For example, most fibrous reinforcements (e.g., carbon fiber, glass fiber) for advanced composites are continuous fibers or yarns, fabrics, and preforms made from them. This allows broad flexibility in design and manufacturing approaches by controlling fiber orientation and architecture. However, there has been growing interest in preparing continuous fibers from biobased materials such as plants. Of particular recent interest are nanocelluloses, which are projected to be less expensive than many other nanomaterials and have the potential to be produced in large volumes. They also have an impressive strength-to-weight ratio and have so far shown few environmental, health, and safety concerns in their unmodified state. However, efficient and effective use of nanocellulose in continuous fibers is challenging and a variety of approaches have been explored in which nanocellulose dispersions are either spun directly or in combination with polymers. Methods such as wet spinning, dry spinning, melt spinning, and electrospinning have been investigated. To better understand the body of knowledge of this new and growing area, various approaches are reviewed and a perspective on what the future holds is provided.
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Keywords: CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTALS; CELLULOSE NANOFIBRILS; FIBER; NANOCELLULOSE; SPINNING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2016-10-01

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased monomers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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