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Solid "Green" Polyurethanes Based on Rapeseed Oil Polyol and Modified with Glycerol and Microcellulose

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Solid biobased polyurethanes (PUs) were prepared from a rapeseed oil-based polyol (ROPO) synthesized by epoxidation reaction followed by oxirane ring-opening with diethylene glycol. The reference material was modified by replacement of the ROPO with glycerol in different proportions and also by addition of commercial microcellulose (MC). The curing process of the reactive mixtures was monitored by rheological measurements and the analysis showed that both MC and glycerol increase the time of crossover between storage and loss modulus (liquid to solid transition in the response at 1 Hz). The completely cured polyurethanes were characterized by physical, morphological and mechanical analysis. The results proved that the addition of glycerol and MC increases the modulus and ultimate stress. Despite the higher modulus of the composites, the ultimate deformation also increases with the incorporation of 3 and 5 wt% of MC, which was associated with the good interaction between the cellulose and its polymer matrix.
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Keywords: BIOBASED POLYURETHANES; GLYCEROL; MICROCELLULOSE; RAPESEED OIL POLYOL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 23 August 2016

This article was made available online on 21 June 2016 as a Fast Track article with title: "Solid “Green” Polyurethanes Based on Rapeseed Oil Polyol and Modified with Glycerol and Microcellulose".

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