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Improved Permeability Properties for Bacterial Cellulose/Montmorillonite Hybrid Bionanocomposite Membranes by In-Situ Assembling

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Bacterial cellulose/montmorillonite (BCMMT) hybrid bionanocomposite membranes were prepared by in-situ assembling or one-step biosynthesis process. The presence of MMT in BC membranes was confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis and quantified by mass spectrometry, resulting in bionanocomposites with MMT contents between 7–13 wt%. The incorporation of MMT during BC biosynthesis modified BC morphology and led to lower porosity, even though higher water holding capacity was achieved. Bionanocomposites showed improved thermal stability and water vapor and oxygen gas barrier properties up to 70 and 80% with respect to neat BC membranes. This improvement was related to the tortuous path of gas diffusion created by MMT nanoplatelets due to the high extent of dispersion achieved, as observed by XRD. SEM micrographs confirmed MMT was finely dispersed between BC nanofibrils and a more compact structure was observed as MMT content increased. Thus, the in-situ process can be used as an alternative method to obtain cellulose/MMT hybrid bionanocomposite that would have potential applications as reinforcing element.
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Keywords: BACTERIAL CELLULOSE; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; IN-SITU BIOSYNTHESIS; MONTMORILLONITE; PERMEABILITY; THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 February 2016

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased monomers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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