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Reducing the Environmental Impact of Construction by Using Renewable Materials

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The relative importance of embodied energy and operational energy on the environmental impact of construction are examined in this article. It highlights the fact that the targets set by the Kyoto Protocol are primarily being met by the reduction of in-use energy, and that the implications of that are that the energy embodied in buildings will increase in significance from its current 17% level to 50% by 2050. The article describes how the use of bio-based renewable materials can make a significant contribution to reducing not only the embodied energy of buildings by using the sequestration of CO2 through photosynthesis, but also in-use energy demand through passive environmental control. Case studies are presented showing ways in which this has been achieved.
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Keywords: BIO-BASED MATERIALS; CARBON SEQUESTRATION; EMBODIED ENERGY; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT; HEMP-LIME; LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT; STRAW BALE; TRANSIENT THERMAL PERFORMANCE; VAPOUR-ACTIVE MATERIALS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 August 2015

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