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Highly Stereoselective Polymerization of Racemic Lactide by Bimetallic Schiff Base Complexes

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A series of bimetallic Salen aluminum (III) complexes with different steric substituents were synthesized. These complexes were used as catalysts to produce polylactide in the ring-opening polymerization of racemic lactide. A kinetic research of polymerization demonstrated that the steric substituents on the phenolate ring of the complexes had remarkable influence on the stereoselectivity and the polymerization activity. The highest stereoselectivity was obtained with bulky substituent on the ortho position of the salicylidene moieties. Kinetic studies using all these complexes indicated that the polymerizations were first-ordered with respect to lactide monomers. All these complexes gave highly isotactic polylactides with controlled molecular weight and narrow molecular weight distributions.
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Keywords: BIMETALLIC CATALYSTS; RACEMIC LACTIDE; STEREOSELECTIVE POLYMERIZATION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 May 2015

This article was made available online on 31 January 2015 as a Fast Track article with title: "Highly Stereoselective Polymerization of Racemic Lactide by Bimetallic Schiff Base Complexes".

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased monomers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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