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Effect of Hemp Fiber on PET/Hemp Composites

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The properties of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) reinforced with 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20% (w/w) alkaline-treated hemp fibers were investigated following a series of processing stages. The fiber concentration significantly impacts the compounding process, yielding thermostable composites below 300°C. Their elastic moduli varied logarithmically with fiber concentration, and were increased by up to 20% with respect to the nonreinforced formulation. Such reinforcement was, however, followed by a drastic decrease in the elongation at break, from more than 20 mm for the unreinforced PET to as low as 2.5 mm. Other properties showed closer observations to the variations of the elastic moduli. An appreciably good fiber-matrix interface was also observed; however the actual processing method could not take advantage of the fiber's length. This work has a major impact in the development of composite biomaterials, as it extends their application range to the subexploited area of high-melting thermoplastic matrices reinforced with natural fibers.
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Keywords: COMPOSITES; HEMP FIBERS; POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET); PROPERTIES; THERMAL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2014-12-01

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased monomers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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