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Physical and Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composite Materials Based on Olive Husk Flour

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The lack of compatibility between cellulose fibers and some polymers, such as thermoplastics, is due on one hand to the hydrophilic nature of the vegetable fibers and on the other hand to the hydrophobic character of the matrix. This incompatibility induces bad dispersion of the fibers and the formation of a heterogeneous material with mechanical properties which are not very satisfactory. The scope of this article is to describe the possibility of using Olive Husk Flour (OHF) as reinforcement in the elaboration of a composite material based on polyvinyl chloride (PVC). In this context, we used the PVC-g-MA as compatibilizer and investigated the effect of the loading and the effect of treatment on the mechanical properties and thermal behavior of these composites; the structures have also been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD).
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Keywords: COMPATIBILIZER; COMPOSITES; MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION; POLYVINYL CHLORIDE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2014-12-01

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  • The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) publishes high quality peer reviewed original research on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. It showcases both fundamental aspects and new applications for renewable materials. The fundamental theories and topics pertain to chemistry of biobased monomers, macromoners and polymers, their structure-property relationship, processing using sustainable methods, characterization (spectroscopic, morphological, thermal, mechanical, and rheological), bio and environmental degradation, and life cycle analysis. Demonstration of use of renewable materials and composites in applications including adhesives, bio and environmentally degradable structures, biomedicine, construction, electrical & electronics, mechanical, mendable and self-healing systems, optics, packaging, recycling, shape-memory, and stimulus responsive systems will be presented.
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