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Die Steinrohstoffe für den Bau des Klosters Teplá in Westböhmen – Eine 800jährige Entwicklungsgeschichte

[The stone resources for the construction of the Teplá monastery in Western Bohemia – a 800 year history of development]

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Abstract:



German

Für die über 800 Jahre alte Klosteranlage von Teplá in Westböhmen ist es möglich, eine fast lückenlose Baugeschichte und einen Wandel in der Verwendung von Natursteinen im Laufe der Zeit zu rekonstruieren. So wurden in den ersten Bauphasen der Klosteranlage hauptsächlich Gesteine aus der näheren Umgebung des Klosters und aus dessen eigenen Steinbrüchen verwendet. Im Laufe der Jahrhunderte kam es zu einer Verbesserung der Infrastruktur, die einen Import von Gesteinen bis aus dem fernen Ungarn ermöglichte. Teplá ist außerdem die Typlokalität für die Gewinnung und die Verwendung von Teplá-Trachyt.

Abstract

A nearly complete building history and the changes in the usage of dimension stones can be reconstructed in the over 800 years old history of the Teplá monastery. At the beginning of the construction, there were mainly used local stones from quarries on the monastery's property. During the centuries, the infrastructure was upgraded and an import of foreign stones even from Hungary, Austria, Italy, and Germany was possible. Furthermore, Teplá is the provenance for quarrying and the usage of Teplá trachyte.

Keywords: ADNETER KNOLLENKALKSTEIN; AMPHIBOLITE; CEPHALOPODEN LIMESTONE; CONGLOMERATE; DEUTSCH-ROT; DIENTZENHOFER; GNEISS; LASURBERG; MARBLE; MARIENBADER COMPLEX; MICASCHISTS; PORTORO LIMESTONE; RED VERONESER KNOLLENKALK; SAALBURGER ROT; SAVONNIERES LIMESTONE; SERPENTINITE; SLIVENEC LIMESTONE; SOLNHOFENER PLATTENKALK; STUCCO MARBLE; TEPLA; TEPLA TRACHYTE; TERRAZZO; WALLENFELSER LIMESTONE

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/1860-1804/2007/0158-0501

Publication date: 2007-09-01

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  • Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften (ZDGG) is an international peer reviewed journal that accepts papers on research and applied topics in the Earth Sciences. It is published online and in print. One volume, consisting of four issues is published annually. The journal is continously published by German Society of Geosciences (DGG) since its foundation in 1848. It was relaunched in 2005.

    ZDGG invites the submission of English, German and French language papers from all fields of geology, hydrogeology, paleontology, tectonics, sedimentology, engineering geology and of course environmental geology to name a few. The editors of ZDGG also invite suggestions for thematic issues.
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