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Der Stallauer Grünsandstein, ein vielseitig einsetzbarer Rohstoff

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Abstract:

In former times in the district of Benediktbeuern (Upper Bavaria), the green sandstone of Stallau was mined for working up into grindstone, building stone, and pigment. Today the sandstone is used only for the production of pigments. The ground sandstone is called "Bavarian green earth" or "Benediktbeurer Grün". The green colour is due to the mineral glauconite, an iron-(II)-silicate. There are two types of green sandstone of Stallau clearly differing in colour. The colours range from brownish-green/olive-green (caused by goethite) to bluish-green (almost free of Fe(III)-minerals).

German
Der im Raum Benediktbeuern (Oberbayern) anstehende Stallauer Grünsandstein wurde früher zu drei verschiedenen Zwecken abgebaut: Er wurde zu Schleifsteinen, Massivbausteinen und zu Farbe verarbeitet; heutzutage wird er nur noch als Farbpigment vor allem bei der Restaurierung von Fassaden eingesetzt. Als Pigment wird der gemahlene Sandstein ,,Bayerische Grüne Erde" oder ,,Benediktbeurer Grün" bezeichnet. Farbgebendes Mineral ist der Glaukonit, ein Eisen(II)-Silikat. Der Stallauer Grünsandstein tritt hauptsächlich in zwei Varietäten auf, die sich in der Pigmentfarbe deutlich niederschlagen: Die Farbe variiert von bräunlichgrün/olivgrün (hervorgerufen durch fein verteilten Goethit) bis blaugrün (fast frei von Fe(III)-Mineralen).

Keywords: BAUSTEIN; BAVARIA; BAVARIAN GREEN EARTH; BAYERISCHE GRUNE ERDE; BAYERN; BENEDIKTBEUERN; BENEDIKTBEURER GRUN; BICHL; BUILDING STONE; GLAUCONITE; GREEN SANDSTONE; GRINDSTONE; OBERKREIDE; PIGMENT; SCHLEIFSTEIN; STALLAU; STALLAUER GRUNSANDSTEIN; UPPER CRETACEOUS

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/1860-1804/2005/0156-0205

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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  • Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften (ZDGG) is an international peer reviewed journal that accepts papers on research and applied topics in the Earth Sciences. It is published online and in print. One volume, consisting of four issues is published annually. The journal is continously published by German Society of Geosciences (DGG) since its foundation in 1848. It was relaunched in 2005.

    ZDGG invites the submission of English, German and French language papers from all fields of geology, hydrogeology, paleontology, tectonics, sedimentology, engineering geology and of course environmental geology to name a few. The editors of ZDGG also invite suggestions for thematic issues.
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