Classification of inland Bolboschoenus-dominated vegetation in Central Europe
Authors: Hroudová, Zdenka; Hrivnák, Richard; Chytrý, Milan
Source: Phytocoenologia, Volume 39, Number 2, June 2009 , pp. 205-215(11)
Publisher: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Abstract:Central European inland vegetation dominated by Bolboschoenus species was newly classified, based on current knowledge of taxonomic differentiation within the Bolboschoenus maritimus-complex. Altogether 225 phytosociological relevés from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Germany and Austria were analysed. Bolboschoenus-dominated vegetation is found in a broad range of both freshwater and saline habitats. Individual Bolboschoenus species grow in different habitats with different species composition. The freshwater vegetation, dominated by B. yagara, B. laticarpus and B. planiculmis, reflects ecological differentiation of these species from base-poor to alkaline substrates, and from littoral habitats to temporarily flooded depressions. The following freshwater associations were distinguished: Phalarido arundinaceae-Bolboschoenetum laticarpi Passarge 1999 corr. Krumbiegel 2006, concentrated in large river floodplains, Bolboschoenetum yagarae Eggler 1933 corr. Hroudová et al. 2009, typical of the littoral zone of fishponds on base-poor bedrocks, and Tripleurospermo inodori-Bolboschoenetum planiculmis Hroudová et al. 2009, occurring mainly in temporarily flooded depressions on arable land. Saline vegetation is dominated by Bolboschoenus maritimus s. str. The alliance Cirsio brachycephali-Bolboschoenion compacti (Passarge 1978) Mucina in Balátová-Tuláčková et al. 1993, previously interpreted as vegetation of inland saline marshes, actually relates to freshwater Bolboschoenus vegetation. Therefore a new alliance, Meliloto dentati-Bolboschoenion maritimi Hroudová et al. 2009, is proposed here to include saline reed vegetation of continental areas.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 2009
- Phytocoenologia publishes original papers in the fields of vegetation ecology. The journal covers all aspects of phytosociology in a comprehensive sense, i.e. including interactions between plant (and animal) organisms (coenological geobotany), the history and origin of phytocoenoses, vegetation dynamics, floristic and structural analysis of the plant cover (classification and ordination), fundamental environmental studies of plant ecosystems (synecology), pattern analyses from the ecosystem to the landscape level, and aspects of reproduction, dispersal and population biology in plant communities. The journal is open to methodological, theoretical, experimental and applied approaches. Phytocoenologia was founded in 1973 by R. Tüxen.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites