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Estudio Bioclimático y Fitocenótico comparativo de la alta cumbre canaria: Tenerife-La Palma. Islas Canarias.

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A comparative study of the summit of La Palma and Tenerife from a bioclimatic, floristic and phytocoenotic viewpoint is carried out. Three new alliances are described: Plantaginion webbii Martín Osorio, Wildpret & Rivas Martínez all. nova, Juniperion cedri Martín Osorio, Wildpret & Rivas Martínez all. nova and Violion cheiranthifoliae Voggenreiter ex Rivas Martínez, Wildpret & Martín Osorio all. nova. Two new associations representatives of the Canary Islands cedar (Juniperus cedrus) woodland within the alliance Juniperion cedri are described: Adenocarpo viscosi-Juniperetum cedri Martín Osorio, Wildpret, Hernández Bolaños ass. nova and Adenocarpo spartioidis-Juniperetum cedri Martín Osorio, Wildpret, Hernández Bolaños ass. nova. The association Descurainio bourgeauanae-Spartocytisetum supranubii (Esteve 1973) Martín Osorio, Wildpret & Hernández Bolaños stat. nov. is also described, a pioneer community which grows on the mobile pyroclast and lava flow filling materials of the Orotava slide which belong to several volcanic episodes. Furthermore three new subassociations are described: Spartocytisetum supranubii descurainietosum lemsii Martín Osorio & Wildpret subass. nova, Spartocytisetum supranubii descurainietosum gonzalesii Martín Osorio & Wildpret subass. nova and Descurainio bourgeauanae-Spartocytisetum supranubii erigerontetosum calderae Martín Osorio & Wildpret subass. nova. The representative class of these plant communities is included within the dry-humid Thermo- and Supramediterranean Canary Islands cedar woodland, pine woodland and summit broom scrub Canary climatophilous hyperseries húmedos (Chamaecytiso-Pino canariensis sigmetea). Finally, the distribution of some taxons and syntaxons using a Geobotanic Information System is also shown.

Spanish
Se realiza un estudio comparativo de la alta cumbre canaria perteneciente a las islas de Tenerife y La Palma desde el punto de vista bioclimático, florístico y fitocenótico. Se describen tres nuevas alianzas Plantaginion webbii Martín Osorio, Wildpret & Rivas Martínez all. nova, Juniperion cedri Martín Osorio, Wildpret & Rivas Martínez all. nova y Violion cheiranthifoliae Voggenreiter ex Rivas Martínez, Wildpret & Martín Osorio all. nova. Pertenecientes a la alianza Juniperion cedri se describen dos nuevas asociaciones que constituyen las formaciones de cedros canarios (Juniperus cedrus) o cedrales de la alta cumbre tinerfenña y palmera: Adenocarpo viscosi-Juniperetum cedri Martín Osorio, Wildpret, Hernández Bolanños ass. nova y Adenocarpo spartioidis-Juniperetum cedri Martín Osorio, Wildpret, Hernández Bolanños ass. nova. De igual forma se propone una nueva comunidad de retamares primocolonizadores que se instala sobre materiales de relleno del deslizamiento de La Orotava formado por lavas y conos piroclásticos de acumulación muy móviles y pertenecientes a varios episodios volcánicos: Descurainio bourgeauanae-Spartocytisetum supranubii (Esteve 1973) Martín Osorio, Wildpret & Hernández Bolanños stat. nov. También se describen tres subasociaciones, Spartocytisetum supranubii descurainietosum lemsii Martín Osorio & Wildpret subass. nova, Spartocytisetum supranubii descurainietosum gonzalesii Martín Osorio & Wildpret subass. nova y Descurainio bourgeauanae-Spartocytisetum supranubii erigerontetosum calderae Martín Osorio & Wildpret subass. nova. La clase representativa de estas formaciones vegetales se incluye en la hiperserie climatófila de los cedrales, pinares, y retamares cumbreños canarios termo-supramediterráneos seco-húmedos (Chamaecytiso-Pino canariensis sigmetea). Se representa la distribución de algunos taxones y sintaxones mediante un Sistema de Información Geobotánica.
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Keywords: CHAMAECYTISO-PINETEA CANARIENSIS; FITOSOCIOLOGIA; GEOBOTANIC INFORMATION SYSTEM; JUNIPERION CEDRI; PHYTOSOCIOLOGY; PLANTAGINION WEBBII; SISTEMA DE INFORMACION GEOBOTANICA; SPARTOCYTISION SUPRANUBII

Language: Spanish

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Phytocoenologia (ISSN 0340-269X) is an international, peer-reviewed journal of plant community ecology. It is devoted to vegetation survey and classification at any organizational and spatial scale and without restriction to certain methodological approaches. The journal publishes original papers that develop new vegetation typologies as well as applied studies that use such typologies, for example, in vegetation mapping, ecosystem modelling, nature conservation, land use management or monitoring. Particularly encouraged are methodological studies that design and compare tools for vegetation classification and mapping, such as algorithms, databases and nomenclatural principles. Papers dealing with conceptual and theoretical bases of vegetation survey and classification are also welcome. While large-scale studies are preferred, regional studies will be considered when filling important knowledge gaps or presenting new methods.

    Phytocoenologia was founded by Reinhold Tüxen in 1973 and is published in collaboration with the International Association for Vegetation Science (IAVS; www.iavs.org). The journal closely cooperates with various subgroups of IAVS and serves as publication outlet for their workshops as well as for selected sessions of the IAVS Symposia. It contains special sections on “Phytosociological Nomenclature” and “Ecoinformatics”. Guest-edited Special Features that fall within the scope of the journal are also published.

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