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Forty-one degrees below and sixty years in the dark: Frullania sect. Inconditum, a new section of Australasian Frullania species including F. colliculosa, sp. nov., F. hodgsoniae, nom. and stat. nov., F. aterrima, and F. hattorii (Frullaniaceae, Marchantiophyta)

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The liverwort genus Frullania is large and complex, with many subgeneric boundaries, in particular, remaining largely unresolved for decades. However, advances are being made in unraveling these relationships. Many of the ambiguities are associated with units comprising a small number of taxa that have purportedly unusual features, and almost all of these are restricted to the Southern Hemisphere. Here we describe a new taxon, Frullania colliculosa, representing an important element in the Frullaniaceae because it is morphologically allied to a small group of species historically assigned to Frullania sect. Rostratae. There has been no critical reassessment of this section, which has a complicated and controversial taxonomic and nomenclatural history. Yet, for almost 40 years the section Rostratae has remained an invalidly published name since it was first proposed. We hereby propose the new section, Frullania sect. Inconditum, and clarify its nomenclatural relationship with sect. Rostratae. In light of recent molecular studies coupled with a reassessment of critical morphological and anatomical features, we here circumscribe F. sect. Inconditum to include F. aterrima, F. colliculosa, F. hattorii, and the type species F. hodgsoniae. The section clearly does not belong within subg. Microfrullania where members have historically been placed. Conversely, section Inconditum is nested within subg Diastaloba and depending on the realignments within that subgenus, E. A. Hodgson may indeed have been closer to a natural alignment nearly 60 years ago. A detailed comparison of the four Australasian species is provided, including descriptions, illustrations, tables and key. A new name, Frullania hodgsoniae, is proposed for the entity F. aterrima var. lepida and lectotypification for F. aterrima is also provided.
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Keywords: FRULLANIA; FRULLANIA SUBG. DIASTALOBA; FRULLANIA SUBG. MICROFRULLANIA; FRULLANIACEAE; NEW SECTION; NEW SPECIES; TAXONOMY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-11-01

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  • Nova Hedwigia is an international journal publishing original, peer-reviewed papers on current issues of taxonomy, morphology, ultrastructure and ecology of all groups of cryptogamic plants, including cyanophytes/cyanobacteria and fungi. The half-tone plates in Nova Hedwigia are known for their high quality, which makes them especially suitable for the reproduction of photomicrographs and scanning and transmission electron micrographs.
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